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Mt Kilimanjaro Climbs | Bushmen Expeditions

What makes Mt Kilimanjaro such a fascinating challenge? Maybe it is the glaciers shining over the equatorial African plains. Maybe because it is the highest mountain in Africa. The highest free-standing mountain in the world. Maybe it is because it is the highest mountain that can be climbed without technical equipment or techniques. No matter what the reason, Mt Kilimanjaro is a worthy challenge that is possible for any reasonably fit person to attempt. Just because it is mostly just a very difficult hike, this mountain is not to be underestimated. Within the same week you will pass through through several climate zones. This makes packing the right items vital. Also, with half the oxygen as at sea-level poses the biggest challenge. For the safety of climbers, certified guides and porters must accompany all climbers.

Bushmen Expeditions | Mt Kilimanjaro Routes Map The route options and itineraries are outlined below. A big difference between the Marangu Route and the other routes is that Marangu Route offers overnights in basic dormitory style solar powered huts. All other routes are camping routes. For further details, refer to our Climbing Info section.

Machame Route

DAY 1
Machame Gate to Machame Camp
Elevation (ft): 5,400ft to 9,400ft
The drive from Moshi to the Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Gate takes about 50 minutes. The journey passes through the village of Machame which is located on the lower slopes of the mountain. We now leave the park gate and walk through the rain forest on a winding trail up a ridge. Lower down, the trail can be muddy and slippery. Gaiters and trekking poles are a good idea here. We continue a short distance until we reach the Machame Camp.

DAY 2
Machame Camp to Shira Camp
After breakfast, we leave the glades of the rain forest and continue on an ascending path, crossing the little valley walking along a steep rocky ridge, covered with heather, until the ridge ends. The route now turns west onto a river gorge. Time for rest, dinner, and overnight at the Shira Campsite.

DAY 3
Shira Camp to Lava Tower to Barranco Camp
From the Shira Plateau, we continue to the east up a ridge, passing the junction towards the peak of Kibo. As we continue, our direction changes to the South East towards the Lava Tower, called the "Shark's Tooth." Shortly after the tower, we come to the second junction which brings us up to the Arrow Glacier at an altitude of 16,000ft. We now continue down to the Barranco Hut at an altitude of 13,000ft. Here we rest, enjoy dinner, and overnight. Although you end the day at the same elevation as when you started, this day is very important for acclimatization and will help your body prepare for summit day.

DAY 4
Barranco Camp to Karanga Camp
After breakfast, we leave Barranco and continue on a steep ridge passing the Barranco Wall, to the Karanga Valley campsite. This is a short day meant for acclimatization.

DAY 5
Karanga Camp to Barafu Camp
After breakfast, we leave Karanga and hit the junction which connects with the Mweka Trail. We continue up to the Barafu Hut. At this point, you have completed the South Circuit, which offers views of the summit from many different angles. Here we make camp, rest, enjoy dinner, and prepare for the summit day. The two peaks of Mawenzi and Kibo are to be seen from this position.

DAY 6
Barafu Camp to Summit to Mweka Hut
Very early in the morning (midnight to 2am), we continue our way to the summit between the Rebmann and Ratzel glaciers. You head in a northwesterly direction and ascend through heavy scree towards Stella Point on the crater rim. This is the most mentally and physically challenging portion of the trek. At Stella Point (18,600 ft), you will stop for a short rest and will be rewarded with the most magnificent sunrise you are ever likely to see (weather permitting). From Stella Point, you may encounter snow all they way on your 1-hour ascent to the summit. At Uhuru Peak, you have reached the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro and the continent of Africa. Faster hikers will see the sunrise from the summit. From the summit, we now make our descent continuing straight down to the Mweka Hut camp site, stopping at Barafu for lunch. You will want gaiters and trekking poles for the loose gravel going down. Mweka Camp is situated in the upper forest and mist or rain can be expected in the late afternoon. Later in the evening, we enjoy our last dinner on the mountain and a well-earned sleep.

DAY 7
Mweka Camp to Moshi
After breakfast, we continue the descent down to the Mweka Park Gate to receive your summit certificates. At lower elevations, it can be wet and muddy. Gaiters and trekking poles will help. Shorts and t-shirts will probably be plenty to wear (keep rain gear and warmer clothing handy). From the gate, you continue another hour to Mweka Village. A vehicle will meet you at Mweka village to drive you back to hotel in Moshi.

Marangu Route

Also known as the Coca Cola Route, Marangu is the easiest, cheapest and by far the most popular route to the summit of Kilimanjaro. Although there is a high amount of hiker traffic, this is a fun and comfortable route. Although the Marangu Route can be accomplished in 5 days by any normal fit person - we recommend taking the 6 day route so that you can acclimatise properly on Day 4 to increase your chances of making the summit.

A nice feature on the Marangu Route is that all accommodation is in huts , this is a much softer option than sleeping in tents which is the only option you will have on the other routes. You will sleep in bunk beds with fairly comfortable mattresses. Other creature comforts such as mineral water, soft drinks, chocolates and beers are sold at all the camps on this route. Under the leadership of your guide, all your equipment and supplies are carried for you by a team of porters and a cook will prepare all your meals. All you will need to carry will be your daypack items such as drinking water, your lunch pack and some additional clothing.

Day 1
After breakfast you will be transferred from Moshi to Marangu Gate - once you reach the gate, you will sign the register at the Park office and make your final preparations for the climb. Your team of porters will arrange and load their packs, containing the food, water, cooking gas and most of your equipment. It is important to have all your daypack items such as drinking water, a lunch pack and extra clothing with you and not with the porters, as they will ascend a lot quicker than your group. When you leave the Park gate you will take a cleared ridge trail through the cultivation zone, where you will see how local farmers manage and produce their goods on the side of the mountain, before you enter the rain forest. This is possibly the most beautiful part of your climb, surrounded by lush forest and sometimes thick clouds. After stopping for lunch and a rest, you will head off to Mandara Hut where you will stay overnight. This camp consists of a group of wooden A-framed huts situated in a forest clearing, with each hut sleeping 6 - 8 hikers in bunk beds. All the huts are equipped with solar generated lighting and this camp has a total capacity of 60 hikers. Spring water is piped into the camp and you will find flush toilets behind the main hut. Today's Route: Marangu Gate - Mandara hut
Altitude range: 1970 metres - 2710 metres
Hiking time: About 5 hours
Distance: 12 kilometres
Habitat: Rain forest

DAY 2
Early in the morning you will begin your ascent again - from Mandara hut the trail passes through a short stretch of forest, and then heads around the base of the Maundi Crater where you will leave the rain forest and enter the moorland zone. On the way, we recommend that you take a short detour up to the rim of the Maundi Crater , from here you see the impressive Kibo Crater, and on a clear day you will also be able to see the glaciers of Kibo ,this is a great photographic opportunity, so get your camera ready. Keep your camera handy because you will encounter some of Kilimanjaro's most spectacular and strange plants in the open moorland - with giant lobelia and groundsel growing to heights of 3 metres and 5 metres respectively! Later in the afternoon you will reach the Horombo hut for your next overnight stay, where you will have hot washing water, an evening meal prepared by your cook. Your hut will be comfortable enough to ensure a good nights rest. Temperatures during the night will be around freezing point. Today's Route: Mandara hut - Horombo hut
Altitude range: 2710 metres - 3725 metres
Hiking time: About 6 hours
Distance: 15 kilometres
Habitat: Moorland

DAY 3
Today is acclimatisation day so you will stay based at Horombo hut. From here we recommend taking the hike past Zebra Rocks to Mawenzi hut , this hike forms an important part of the acclimatisation process. The hike will take you 3 hours on the ascent, and a further 1 hours for the descent back to camp. Remember to keep your water intake levels up, and not too rush this hike. Horombo hut is actually a village of huts with double the capacity of Mandara camp , both ascending and descending hikers meet here with all the guides, porters and cooks on their respective routes - so this camp is normally full and buzzes with activity and excitement. All meals for the day are provided at Horombo hut. Tonight you will have a good opportunity to get to bed early for a good night's sleep , make the most of it because you will need all the energy you can get for the next couple of days. Today's Route: Horombo hut , Zebra hut , Mawenzi hut
Altitude range: 3725 metres
Hiking time: 4 hours
Distance: 6 - 8 kilometres
Habitat: Alpine desert

DAY 4
Today the climb gets a little more difficult with your walk up to Kibo hut, which is approximately 4,700m. The oxygen at these altitudes begins to thin out considerably and you will start to feel it. The climb today will be about 5 - 7 hours and takes you through the last part of the Moorland and into the highlands desert. This a barren area of extreme conditions, with temperatures at night sometimes dropping to below freezing point and daytime temperatures being relatively high. At Kibo hut, you will rest, have dinner and try to have a really good night's rest. After breakfast you now continue your ascent From Horombo into the Alpine desert habitat, taking one of the two trails to the "Saddle", located between the peaks of Mawenzi and Kibo. The upper route will look familiar to you if you took the hike to Mawenzi hut yesterday. Rather stick to the lower route which is much easier and has the added benefit of taking you past the last watering point. Unless you are willing to buy mineral water at Kibo hut, you should stock up with all the water you will need - the next watering point will be at Horombo hut when you return there on your descent the night after next. Once again remember to take it slowly and drink enough water. After lunch you will reach Horombo hut, a large stone house which can comfortably sleep 60 hikers in bunk beds , remember there is no water supply at this camp, although you can buy mineral water and soft drinks at the camp office. There are toilet facilities behind the hut. Spend time this afternoon preparing your equipment as you will be making your final ascent tonight , you will need your ski-stick and extra thermal clothing for your summit bid also ensure that your headlamp and camera batteries are in order and make sure you have spare sets of batteries available as well. Carry your water in a thermal flask otherwise it will freeze later. Make sure you are in bed by 19h00 - you will need all the sleep you can get before your very early wake up call in only 4 hours time. Today's Route: Horombo hut - Kibo hut
Altitude range: 3725 metres - 4710 metres
Hiking time: 6 hours
Distance: 15 - 16 kilometres
Habitat: Alpine desert

DAY 5
Today will by far be your toughest day, you will rise and hopefully shine at around 23h30, and after some tea and biscuits you head off into the cold night up a rocky path towards to the Hans Meyer Cave at 5150 metres , you may take a short rest here before continuing your ascent up to Gillman's point at 5 680 metres. Probably the most demanding section of the entire route as it is very steep and stony ,slowly and carefully here. From Gillmans point, you will more than likely be walking through snow for the next 2 hours, when you will finally reach the summit of Uhuru Peak at 5895 metres. Well done ,you have conquered Kilimanjaro, the highest free-standing mountain in the world! Don't get too relaxed and spend too much time on the summit, even if the weather is good. Cold and fatigue will set in quickly and you may find it very difficult to get started again. So spend a little time to enjoy the fact that you have conquered Kilimanjaro, get the camera out and take some pictures, then it will be best that you get moving again , it's a long way down! The first part of your descent to Kibo hut will take almost another 3 hours. After a short rest you will begin the next part of your descent , it will take another 3 hours of hiking to get to Horombo hut where you will spend the night. Later you can enjoy your last dinner on the mountain. You will no doubt have a good sleep, feeling exhilarated and proud of your achievement. Today's Route: Kibo hut - Uhuru Peak - Horombo hut
Altitude range: 4700 metres ; 5895 metres ; 3720 metres
Hiking time: About 14 hours
Distance: About 27 kilometres in total
Habitat: Stone scree and ice-capped summit

DAY 6
After an early and well-deserved breakfast, you continue your descent passing the Mandara hut, down to the Marangu gate , this will take the best part of 6 hours. At Marangu gate you sign your name and details in a register. To make your achievement official, you will receive a summit certificate. If you reached Gillman's point you will be presented with a green certificate, and if you made it all the way to Uhuru Peak you will have earned yourself a gold certificate. You will then take a road transfer back to Moshi where you will be welcomed back to your hotel. Take some time out for a long hot shower, and indulge in a drink or three to celebrate before getting a decent night's rest in a comfortable bed. Today's Route: Horombo hut - Marangu gate
Altitude range: 3720m - 1980m
Hiking time: 1980m
Distance: About 27 kilometres
Habitat: Moorland and Rain forest

Lemosho Route

The Lemosho Route climb is ideally done over eight days (seven nights) on the mountain. The trek begins at Londorossi Gate, located in the western base of mountain, within its lush, fertile rainforest. The route heads across the Shira Plateau, before circling along the southern circuit halfway around the mountain. The approach to the summit is made from the east, and the descent follows the Mweka trail. With eight days (seven nights) on the mountain, your chances of reaching the “Roof of Africa” are very good.

Day 1
Londorossi Gate to Forest Camp
Elevation (ft): 7,800ft to 9,500ft
Distance: 6 km
Hiking Time:3-4 hours e
Habitat: Rain Forest
We depart Moshi for Londorossi Gate, which takes about 4 hours, where you will complete entry formalities. Then drive to the Lemosho trailhead (another hour to reach the trailhead). Upon arrival at trailhead, we eat lunch, then commence through undisturbed forest which winds to the first camp site.

DAY 2
Forest Camp to Shira Camp 1
Elevation (ft): 9,500ft to 11,500ft
Distance: 8 km
Hiking Time 5-6 hours
Habitat: Moorland
We continue on the trail leading out of the forest and into a savannah of tall grasses, heather, and volcanic rock draped with lichen beards. As we ascend through the lush rolling hills and cross several streams, we reach the Shira Ridge before dropping gently down to Shira 1 camp. The view of Kibo from across the plateau is amazing.

DAY 3
Shira Camp 1 to Shira Camp 2
Elevation (ft): 11,500ft to 12,500 ft
Distance: 10 km
Hiking Time: 3-4 hours
Habitat: Moorland
We explore the Shira plateau for a full day. It is a gentle walk east toward Kibo’s glaciered peak, across the plateau which leads to Shira 2 camp on moorland meadows by a stream. A variety of walks are available on the Plateau making this an excellent acclimatization day. There is the option to visit the ancient collapsed Shira cone, the oldest of Kilimanjaro’s three volcanoes. Shira is one of the highest plateaus on earth.

DAY 4
Shira Camp 2 to Lava Tower to Barranco Camp
Elevation (ft): 12,500ft to 13,000ft
Distance: 15 km
Hiking Time: 5-7 hours
Habitat: Semi Desert
From the Shira Plateau, we continue to the east up a ridge, passing the junction towards the peak of Kibo. As we continue, our direction changes to the South East towards the Lava Tower, called the "Shark's Tooth." Shortly after the tower, we come to the second junction which brings us up to the Arrow Glacier at an altitude of 16,000ft. We now continue down to the Barranco Hut at an altitude of 13,000ft. Here we rest, enjoy dinner, and overnight. Although you end the day at the same elevation as when you started, this day is very important for acclimatization and will help your body prepare for summit day.

DAY 5
Barranco Camp to Karanga Camp
Elevation (ft): 13,000ft to 13,100ft
Distance: 5km
Hiking Time: 4-5 hours
Habitat: Alpine Desert
After breakfast, we leave Barranco and continue on a steep ridge passing the Barranco Wall, to the Karanga Valley Campsite. This is a short day meant for acclimatization.

DAY 6
Karanga Camp to Barafu Camp
Elevation (ft): 13,100ft to 15,300ft
Distance: 4 km
Hiking Time: 4-5 hours
Habitat: Alpine Desert
After breakfast, we leave Karanga and hit the junction which connects with the Mweka Trail. We continue up to the Barafu Hut. At this point, you have completed the South Circuit, which offers views of the summit from many different angles. Here we make camp, rest, enjoy dinner, and prepare for the summit day. The two peaks of Mawenzi and Kibo are to be seen from this position.

DAY 7
Barafu Camp to Summit to Mweka Hut
Elevation (ft): 15,300ft to 19,345ft (and down to 10,000ft)
Distance: 5 km ascent / 12 km descent
Hiking Time: 7-8 hours ascent / 4-6 hours descent
Habitat: Arctic
Very early in the morning (midnight to 2am), we continue our way to the summit between the Rebmann and Ratzel glaciers. You head in a northwesterly direction and ascend through heavy scree towards Stella Point on the crater rim. This is the most mentally and physically challenging portion of the trek. At Stella Point (18,600 ft), you will stop for a short rest and will be rewarded with the most magnificent sunrise you are ever likely to see (weather permitting). From Stella Point, you may encounter snow all they way on your 1-hour ascent to the summit. At Uhuru Peak, you have reached the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro and the continent of Africa. Faster hikers will see the sunrise from the summit. From the summit, we now make our descent continuing straight down to the Mweka Hut camp site, stopping at Barafu for lunch. You will want gaiters and trekking poles for the loose gravel going down. Mweka Camp is situated in the upper forest and mist or rain can be expected in the late afternoon. Later in the evening, we enjoy our last dinner on the mountain and a well-earned sleep.

DAY 8
Mweka Camp to Moshi
Elevation (ft): 10,000ft to 5,400ft
Distance: 10 km
Hiking Time: 3-4 hours
Habitat: Rain Forest
After breakfast, we continue the descent down to the Mweka Park Gate to receive your summit certificates. At lower elevations, it can be wet and muddy. Gaiters and trekking poles will help. Shorts and t-shirts will probably be plenty to wear (keep rain gear and warmer clothing handy).

Umbwe Route

Day 1
Umbwe Gate to Umbwe Camp 9,700ft 5 hours
The majority of the hike on this first day is through the Montaine Forest. Lush vegetation with very old trees and lilts of ferns and mosses mark this as an area that gets reliable rain year round. The forest abounds with wildlife; small bushbuck & duikers as well as monkeys. There is also rich and varied bird life. The first three hours or so is on gently rising land before steepening for the last two hours. The camp for the night is in a small clearing on the trail.

Day 2
Umbwe Camp to Barranco Camp 13,000ft 4 hours Shortly after starting the hike the forest gradually gives away to the giant heath. The trail has been following a ridge for some time and as it ascends through the heath land the ridge narrows and sharpens, finally becoming knife edge with steep drops on each side. As the height of the heath reduces there are stunning views of both Kilimanjaro’s southern flank and across the Mount Meru some 50 miles away. Wildlife changes with the vegetation, jackals may be heard barking and the huge Lammergeyer seen circling overhead. The camp is overlooking the Barranco Valley with views up towards Arrow Glacier.

Day 3
Barranco Camp to Karanga Camp
After breakfast, we leave Barranco and continue on a steep ridge passing the Barranco Wall, to the Karanga Valley campsite.

Day 4
Karanga Camp to Barafu Camp
From Karanga the tour heads up a morraine ridge taking your time and going slowly. The views here can be spectacular on the southern glaciers and of the glacial valleys that snake their way down the mountain. The final stage to Barafu is quite steep, and as always it's taken it very slowly. As with the day before you reach camp by around lunch time leaving lots of time to prepare and relax. In the evening your guide briefs you for the final ascent.

Day 5
Barafu Camp to Summit to Mweka Hut
Very early in the morning (midnight to 2am), we continue our way to the summit between the Rebmann and Ratzel glaciers. You head in a northwesterly direction and ascend through heavy scree towards Stella Point on the crater rim. This is the most mentally and physically challenging portion of the trek. At Stella Point (5685m / 18,652 ft), you will stop for a short rest and will be rewarded with the most magnificent sunrise you are ever likely to see (weather permitting).From Stella Point, you may encounter snow all they way on your 1-hour ascent to the summit. At Uhuru Peak, you have reached the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro and the continent of Africa. Faster hikers will see the sunrise from the summit. It can be very cold at night at these elevations, but it will be quite warm by the end of the hiking day. You will want clothing for both extremes with you. From the summit, we now make our descent continuing straight down to the Mweka Hut camp site, stopping at Barafu for lunch. You will want gaiters and trekking poles for the loose gravel going down. Mweka Camp is situated in the upper forest and mist or rain can be expected in the late afternoon. Later in the evening, we enjoy our last dinner on the mountain and a well-earned sleep.

Day 6: Mweka Camp to Arusha
After breakfast, we continue the descent down to the Mweka Park Gate to receive your summit certificates. At lower elevations, it can be wet and muddy. Gaiters and trekking poles will help. Shorts and t-shirts will probably be plenty to wear (keep rain gear and warmer clothing handy). From the gate, continue another hour to Mweka Village. A vehicle will meet you at Mweka village to drive you back to the hotel.

Rongai Route

The Rongai route ascends Kilimanjaro from the north-eastern side of the mountain, along the border between Tanzania and Kenya. This route retains a sense of unspoilt wilderness and offers a different perspective on Kilimanjaro by approaching it from the north.

Day 1
Rongai Gate (1950m) - 1st Caves camp (2600m)
Hiking time: 5h
Distance: Approximately 8 kms
Habitat: Forest (Montane)
Register at the Marangu Park Gate, after which you transfer (approximately 2 ½ hours) to the Rongai trailhead. Meet your guide and porters before you begin your hike from the Nale Moru Village. The small winding path crosses maize fields before entering pine forest, and then climbs gently through a forest. The trail is not at all steep, but is rather a gentle hike through beautiful country. The first night's camp is at First Cave, at about 2,600 metres. There is a toilet and a wooden table with benches, but no hut. Water can be found just down the trail below First Cave.

Day 2
1st Cave (2600m) - Kikelewa Cave (3600m)
Hiking time: 6 - 7h
Habitat: Moorlands
The trail continues up towards Kibo, passing Second Cave (3450m) en-route, and reaching Kikelwa Cave at about 3600 metres. The views start to open up and you begin to feel you're on a really big mountain! Water is in the obvious stream below the cave, although you might have to wander downhill a way to find some. Overnight at 3rd Cave camp (Kikelewa Caves).

Day 3
Kikelewa Cave (3600) - Mawenzi Tarn Camp (4330m)
Hiking time: 3 - 4h
Habitat: Moorlands
A short but steep climb up grassy slopes offers superb views of this wilderness area. The vegetation zone ends shortly before you reach your next camp at Mawenzi Tarn spectacularly situated beneath the towering spires of Mawenzi. Spend the afternoon acclimatizing and exploring the area.

Day 4
Mawenzi Tarn Camp (4330m) - Kibo hut (4700m)
Hiking time: 4 - 5h
Habitat: Alpine desert
Continue ascending on the east side of Kibo crossing the saddle between Mawenzi and Kibo taking 4 to 5 hours to reach Kibo Hut. The remainder of the day is spent resting in preparation for the final ascent, which begins around midnight. Overnight at Kibo Camp.

Day 5
(Summit Attempt) Kibo hut (4700m) - Uhuru Peak (5895m) - Horombo hut (3720m)
Hiking time: 8h to Uhuru, 6h to Horombo
Habitat: Stone scree / ice-cap summit
Distance: Approximately 6 kms ascent, 21 kms descent
You will rise around 23h30, and after some tea and biscuits you shuffle off into the night. This is where the going really gets tough. The first section of the trail consists of a rocky path to the Hans Meyer Cave (5150m), also a good resting spot. The path then zigzags up to Gillman's point (5 681m), which is located on the crater rim. This section is very steep with a lot of stone scree, requiring a great physical and mental effort. This is probably the most demanding section of the entire route. Do the Kili shuffle and move slowly. From Gillman's Point you will normally encounter snow all the way up to Uhuru Peak (5895m), the highest point in Africa. Total exhilaration and satisfaction - you made it. Weather conditions on the summit will determine how long you can spend, taking photographs, before the 3-hour descent back to Kibo Hut. After a short rest you gather all your gear for the ascent and head down to Horombo Hut (3 hours) where you will overnight. The return to Horombo Hut will seem surprisingly fast compared to the ascent. The total time spent walking on this day is around 14 hours, so be prepared for a very tough day. Later in the evening you enjoy your last dinner (with soft drinks and beer for sale at the camp office) on the mountain and well-earned sleep, filled with memories and stirring emotions.

Day 6
Horombo hut (at 3720m) to Marangu Gate (at 1980m)
Hiking time: 6h
Distance: Approximately 27 kms
After breakfast you continue your descent (6 hours), passing the Mandara Hut, down to the Marangu gate. It is strongly recommended not to pay your porters any tips until you and all your gear have reached the gate safely. View more Mt Kilimanjaro tips. At Marangu gate you sign your name and details in a register. This is also where successful climbers receive their summit certificates. Those climbers who reached Gillman's Point (5685m) are issued with green certificates and those who reached Uhuru Peak (5895m) receive gold certificates. You now drive back to Moshi for a long overdue hot shower, dinner and celebrations!

Mt Meru Climbs | Bushmen Expeditions

Bushmen Expeditions | Mt Meru Route Map The second highest mountain in Tanzania, Mt Meru at 4566m, like her sister Mt Kilimanjaro is classified as a dormant volcano. It is located inside of Arusha National Park, a short drive from either Moshi or Arusha City. The climb typically is done on a 4 day itinerary but can also be managed in three days. The extra day is spent on the descent, so it does not aid in altitude adjustment but makes the climb more comfortable. It is a steeper climb than Mt Kilimanjaro, which makes it actually easier to adjust to the altitude. People often use the trek to acclimate for a Mt Kilimanjaro attempt but it is a great climb in its own right. There is only one route on the mountain. Overnights are spent inside of simple huts. As there is a possibility of encountering animals on the first part of the trek, an armed park ranger is required by park regulations to accompany all trekkers. The packing list for this trek is identical to that of Mt Kilimanjaro.

Itinerary - Mt Meru Trek

Day 1- Momella Gate to Miriakamba Hut (2514m)
The trek follows the trails, often well-used game routes, through the forest towards the crater floor, and then climbs steeply up to Miriakamba Hut. Buffalo may be seen just after Momella gate on the wide, open plain. Further on there is an impressive Fig Tree Arch, streams and waterfalls. Overnight at Miriakamba Hut.

Day 2- Miriakamba Hut to Saddle Hut (3570m)
Trek continues up to Elephant Ridge where lunch is taken and there are spectacular views down into the crater and up to the main cliffs below the summit. From Saddle Hut the peak of Little Meru can reached in approximately an hour and offers impressive and imposing views of the summit and the sheer cliffs of the crater's inner walls. Overnight at Saddle Hut.

Day 3- Saddle Hut - Meru Summit (4566m) - Miriakamba Hut (2514m)
Depart Saddle Hut around midnight to reach the summit for sunrise over Kilimanjaro. This exhilarating trek follows the narrow ridge between the sloping outer wall of the crater and the sheer cliffs of the inner wall. Descend to Miriakamba Hut for overnight. (Possible excursion to Rhino Point at guide and groups discretion).

Day 4- Miriakamba Hut - Momella Gate
A short and leisurely trek winds down to the crater floor and then on to Momella gate where your transport will be waiting to take you back to your hotel.

Note: This trek can be done as a three day itinerary. Day three would have a rest at Miriakamba Hut then continuing all the way to the main gate.


Mountain Trek Info & Packing List | Bushmen Expeditions

PACKING LIST

The packing list for Mt Meru and Mt Kilimanjaro is identical, just needing adnustments according to number of days on the mountain. During the span of a fes short days, you will pass through several climate zones, from tropical rain forest to near arctic conditions. This makes packing the proper equipment essential. Note that all items may be rented locally. Also it is best to allow at least one free day before your climb just in case there is an issue with delayed luggage. Please contact us if you have any questions, we are happy to be of assistance.

Sleeping and carrying equipment

  • medium sized daypack (30 liter)
  • duffel bag
  • plastic bags to protect equipment from rain
  • warm, four-season sleeping bag
  • sleeping pad

Drinking

  • two one-liter water bottles or equivalent
  • water filter or chemical tablets (optional)

Base layers

  • long sleeve tee shirt
  • long underwear
  • underwear

Middle layers

  • fleece or down jacket
  • mid-weight long sleeve tee shirt

Outer layers

  • waterproof hard shell jacket
  • hiking pants
  • waterproof pants
  • gloves or mittens
  • waterproof pants
  • knit hat or balaclava
  • sun hat Footwear
  • warm hiking boots (broken in)
  • gym shoes for camp (optional)
  • waterproof gaiters (optional)
  • 2 pairs hiking socks
  • 2 pairs sock liners

Personal usage

  • trekking poles (optional)
  • quick drying towel (optional)
  • toiletries
  • camera and film (optional)
  • sun screen
  • bug spray
  • toilet paper
  • headlamp and batteries
  • sunglasses
  • lip balm
  • ear plugs (optional)
  • snacks (optional)

Personal first aid kit

  • painkillers (optional)
  • blister kit (optional)
  • anti-diarrhea tablets (optional)
  • malaria tablets (optional)
  • Diamox (optional)

Porter loads are limited by our standards of porter treatment as well as by Kilimanjaro National Park authorities. Each client should bring a maximum of 15 kg of luggage for porters to carry onto Kilimanjaro, so please choose your gear sparingly. The luggage, which should be contained in a duffel bag, will be weighed prior to departure. As noted previously, clients will only carry a medium-sized daypack, containing items that you will need during your daily walks. Accordingly, your duffel bag should contain the items that you will not need between campsites. The porters will carry your duffel bag inside another heavyweight client bag to give it further protection from dust, water and abrasions. Any items that are not needed for the climb at all can be T safely stored in the hotel.


PREPARATION FOR MOUNTAIN TREK

Achieving a reasonable degree of physical fitness should be a goal in your preparation. Being in good shape will increase your chances of having a safe climb, successful summit, and enjoyable experience.

Climbing Kilimanjaro or Mount Meru does not take any technical mountaineering skills. It is a trek at high altitude, and nearly anyone in decent physical condition can climb Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru. However, one should not underestimate the effort required over six to seven days to reach the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro or three days or four days to reach the peak Mount Meru

The main reason that climbers fail to reach the summit is due to the inability to acclimatize to the high altitude quickly enough. Short of going to high altitude, there is little that one can do to pre-acclimatize before the climb. Being physically fit does not guarantee that climbers can overcome altitude issues, but it does reduce the strenuousness of the climb on the body, which in turn, makes acclimatization more likely.

Ideally, your training should simulate actual conditions encountered on Kilimanjaro.

Performing day hikes on local trails is the recommended form of training. The trails should include uphill and downhill sections, and you should wear the clothing, boots and pack that you intend to climb in. Try to hike for several hours. Your hikes on the mountain will on average be between four to six hours, but can be as little as two (easy days) and as high as 14 hours (summit day). If it is impractical for you to train outdoors, you may exercise at the local gym. The staple of your training should be walking on a stairmaster, supplemented with weight-training for your legs.

A minimum of three days a week, perhaps shorter sessions during the weekdays and longer sessions on the weekends, for three months, is suggested. With proper training, you will develop the leg strength, endurance and confidence necessary for Kilimanjaro.

Clients should fly into Kilimanjaro Airport.

Our trips begin in lodges in either Moshi or Arusha, Tanzania, depending on the route chosen. Clients should fly into Kilimanjaro International Airport (airport code: JRO) and make their way to the designated hotel. We can also organize private transfers between the airport and hotels, which must be pre-booked along with your climb.

Passports and visas are required for entry.

To gain entry into Tanzania, US citizens and most other nationalities will need a passport and visa. The passport must be valid for 6 months after the intended length of stay. Visas can be obtained prior to departure from the USA or at your point of entry into Tanzania. The visa cost for US citizens is $100.

There are various recommended vaccinations for travel into Tanzania.

There are no required vaccinations; however the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP) recommends the following vaccinations and medications: Malaria, Yellow Fever (required if entering Tanzania from an 'infected area'), Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Rabies. Additionally, the CDCP recommends routine vaccinations of measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) and polio, if you are not up-to-date. You may also want to bring Diamox, an FDA approved prescription medication used to prevent and treat altitude sickness. Consult with your health care professional. It is prudent for every client to have a medical check up to see if you have any medical conditions that put you at increased risk when trekking at high altitude. The minimum age of participants of our climbs is 16 years old. All clients 65 years of age or older are required to bring a doctor's certificate stating they are fit to climb Kilimanjaro.

Travel insurance is mandatory.

It is a mandatory requirement to have travel insurance to participate on our climbs. Travel insurance should cover high altitude trekking, medical and repatriation costs, and trip cancellation. We will verify that you have the appropriate insurance prior to the climb. No refunds are given for clients turned away due to failure to obtain the proper coverage.

The appropriate gear and equipment is required to climb Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru.

Kilimanjaro and Meru treks have a wide range of temperatures so the best clothing is a lot of thin layers. Such clothing is easier to adjust as the temperature fluctuates and is more effective than a few thick items of clothing. Special attention should be made to the fabric of the base and middle layers; these garments should be constructed of moisture wicking material that effectively pulls sweat away from the body to keep you dry. Cotton is a very poor fabric for trekking and should not be worn.